More than 98% of the Naga people identify themselves as Christian. Mizoram Population by Religion. The songbird of the northeast, Mizoram is an adorning state glamoured with scenic spots and vibrant cultural entity. Print journalism remains a popular news medium in Mizoram; local newspapers include Vanglaini and The Zozam Times. [15], Between 55% to 60% of the working population of the state is annually deployed on agriculture. Mizoram has one Central University (Mizoram University), one engineering college (National Institute of Technology Mizoram) and one private university (a branch of the Institute of Chartered Financial Analysts of India). Tlawmngaihna as cultural concept incorporates behaviour that is self-sacrificing, self-denying, doing what an occasion demands unselfishly and without concern for inconvenience caused, persevering, stoical, stout-hearted, plucky, brave, firm, independent, loath to lose one's good reputation. The largest proposed project is expected to be on Kolodyne (460 MW), and there are dozens of small to micro projects that have been identified. About 640 species of birds have been identified in the state, many of which are endemic to the Himalayan foothills and southeast Asia. [103] Along with reviving traditional festivals, the community has been reviving traditional dances at these festivals, for example, dances such as Cheraw, Khuallam, Chheihlam and Chai.[104]. In 2001, the figure was 0.09 percent. There are three Autonomous District Councils (ADCs) for ethnic tribes in Mizoram, namely Chakma Autonomous District Council (in the southern part of state, bordering Bangladesh), Lai Autonomous District Council (LADC) for Lai people in the southern part of the state, and Mara Autonomous District Council (MADC) for Mara people in the southern-eastern corner. Christian missionaries developed the Mizo script. Those arriving by air can obtain a 15-day visit pass at Lengpui airport, Aizawl by submitting photographs and paying the fee of ₹120 (US$1.70). [9] Tropical semi-evergreen, tropical moist deciduous, subtropical broadleaved hill and subtropical pine forests are the most common vegetation types found in Mizoram. Mizoram produces about 26% of rice it consumes every year, and it buys the deficit from other states of India.[14]. Traditions and Culture of Mizoram. In addition to these, there are several websites in local dialects. [7] Mizoram covers an area of approximately 21,087 square kilometres. [84], The hydroelectric power potential of Mizoram was assessed to be about 3600 MW in 2010,[85] and about 4500 MW in 2012. The Mizos were particularly dissatisfied with the government's inadequate response to the 1959–60 mautam famine. Hamlet Bareh, Encyclopaedia of North-East India: Mizoram, Volume 5, T. R. Shankar Raman, Effect of Slash-and-Burn Shifting Cultivation on Rainforest Birds in Mizoram, Northeast India Conservation Biology, Vol. [17], The first primary school was set up in 1898 at Aizawl by Christian missionaries. In Mizoram state, Islam is followed by 1.35 %, Jainism by 0.03 %, Buddhism by 8.51 % … Christian constitutes 87.16% of Mizoram population. The population of Mizoram forms 0.09 percent of India in 2011. 10. [46] Each of these families have many species. [8] Mizoram is second only to Kerala. Christian majority Mizo population started persecuting and driving the Buddhist Chakmas and Hindu Brus, minority groups in state, out of Mizoram after being bestowed with statehood. [21], Before the British Raj, the various Mizo clans lived in autonomous villages. Out of which 28594 are males while 27980 are females. Kurian, J. C., & Varte, R. T. (1995), CREROW AND KHUALLAM DANCES OF MIZOS, Encyclopaedic Profile of Indian Tribes, Vol 1, Aplin, K., & Lalsiamliana, J. The state government has been implementing Special Economic Zones (SEZs) to encourage economic growth. (as per year 2014 GDP data) Mizos practice Slash and Burn cultivation (Jhum or shifting cultivation). They have developed a unique culture in the field of Music. The ARDA offers recent U.S. and international survey findings, local, national and global profiles of religion, and detailed demographic reports and maps of religious and protestant denominations in America. [122] The crops suffered massive damage, with yields at 30 year lows; the crop yields recovered sharply to pre-mautam levels in 2009 after the mautam passed. Lloyd, History of the Church in Mizoram: Harvest in the Hills (Aizawl: Synod publication Board, 1991, 2). About 95% of the current population is of diverse tribal origins who settled in the state, mostly from Southeast Asia, over waves of migration starting about the 16th century but mainly in the 18th century. The various clans and subclans practised slash-and-burn, locally called jhum cultivation - a form of subsistence agriculture. Mizoram is a highly literate agrarian economy. Mizoram is home of many diverse tribes. As a result of their campaign, the hereditary rights of the 259 chiefs were abolished under the Assam-Lushai District ("Acquisition of Chief's Rights") Act, 1954. In Mizoram, where Christians account for over 87% of the state’s population, Hmingtei has company. In Mizoram, Christians now form 90 percent of the STpopulation. Zoramdinthara, Mizo Fiction: Emergence and Development, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 10:17. There is dispute on the term 'zo'. The state requires Inner Line Pass. Around 0.07 % stated 'Other Religion', approximately 0.09 % stated 'No Particular Religion'. Le nom est dérivé de Mizo, le nom des habitants natifs, et Ram, qui signifie « terre », Mizoram signifiant ainsi « terre des Mizos » [2].C’est l’État le plus méridional de l’Inde du Nord-Est, partageant des frontières avec trois des « sept États sœurs », à savoir le Tripura, l’Assam et le Manipur. In 19th century, Britishers began to work in the Mizo hilly areas converting the majority of the population to Christian. [28] At the time of the British conquest, there were around 60 chiefs. 5. With international borders with Bangladesh and Myanmar, it is an important port state for southeast Asian imports to India, as well as exports from India. About 52% of Mizoram population lives in urban areas, much higher than India's average. There are eleven districts in Mizoram. [64], Originally village land, locally called ram, was the property of the tribal chief. After creation of the separate state of Mizoram, the region has benefited considerably from the creation of a Central University, High Court Bench and autonomous ruled Districts for Tribes. 3 (Jun. Mizoram is one of the wonderful states in Northeast India and Aizawl is the capital. [86] If even half of this is realised, the state could supply all its citizens and industry with 24/7 electricity, as well as earn income by selling surplus power to the national grid. Each village behaved like a small state, and the chief was called Lal. C. Nunthara, Mizoram: Society and Polity. A medical college, Mizoram Institute of Medical Education and Research (MIMER) was also inaugurated on 2018 and offer 100 seats for MBBS course. ISBN: 9789351481072 9351481077: OCLC Number: 944441326: Notes: Originally presented as the author's thesis (Doctor of Theology--Serampore College (University)) under the title: Towards a tribal ecclesiology through a critical synthesis of select early Christian traditions and tribal cultural traditions of Northeast India, specially Mizoram. 8 of 2014) was enacted on 10 July 2014 which received the assent of the governor of Mizoram on 11 July 2014 repealed the Mizoram Liquor Total Prohibition Act, 1995, except the Mizoram Excise and Narcotics (Wine) Rules, 2008. [81] The state government has acquired 127 acres of land in Khawnuam for development of the Indo-Myanmar border trade township. The 1958–59 plague provoked a rural uprising during which the indigenous Mizo people launched a violent 20-year rebellion against the federal government. [16], Mizoram has a highly literate work force, with literacy rate of nearly 90% and widespread use of English. Other problems faced by the state includes shortage of electricity, capital, telecommunication and export market access. The dispute only saw final resolution in 1986. [12] Its people belong to various denominations, mostly Presbyterian in the north and Baptists in the south. [125], Clockwise from top: Vantawng Waterfall, Rock formation known as Kolodyne Castle in Mizoram, Mizoram Bango Nritya perform, Champhai, Tlawng River (top) and Tuipui river of Mizoram. The general geology of western Mizoram consists of repetitive succession of Neogene sedimentary rocks of the Surma Group and Tipam Formation such as sandstone, siltstone, mudstone and rare pockets of shell limestone. The sex ratio of the state is 976 females per thousand males, higher than the national ratio 940. [63] The Mizoram Presbyterian Church is one of the constituted bodies of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church of India at Shillong in Meghalaya; it became the dominant Christian group in north Mizoram hills. Rice remains the largest crop grown in Mizoram by gross value of output. This was discouraged by the state government, and the practice has been slowly declining. To bridge the gap, it purchased electricity from the national grid. Michael Sailo (2006), Administration of Justice in Mizoram, Ved Prakash (2007), Encyclopaedia of North-East India, Vol. [14][15] The state's gross state domestic product for 2012 was estimated at ₹6,991 crore (US$980 million). Saiha district of Mizoram has total population of 56574 as per the Census 2011. These ethnic groups are collectively known as Mizos (Mi means People, Zo meaning the name of a progenitor ; Mizo thus is People of Zo origin[26]). Population Of India. [citation needed] The "khuang" is made from wood and animal hide and are often beaten enough to instigate a trance-like state with worshipers as they dance in a circular fashion. [4] Within the northeast region, it is the southernmost landlocked state, sharing borders with three of the Seven Sister States, namely Tripura, Assam and Manipur. Only 17% of the land is non-forested area for cultivation, industry, mining, housing and other commercial human activity. Get Population Density, Religion Data and literacy data of Mizoram India as per Census 2011 Data. The note shows how the demographics of … T. Raatan, Encyclopaedia of North-east India: Arunachal Pradesh Manipur Mizoram. The resulting isolation and separation created numerous tribes and sub-tribes. [54] The Mizo people usually suffix their descriptive given names with their tribe. [115] The amended bill was proposed to be tabled for state legislative assembly discussion after May 2014. [102] Mim Kut was the festival dedicated to ancestors after first maize crop was collected, while Pawl Kut celebrated the end of harvest and the start of new year. Mizoram is leading producers of Bamboo in India and supplies 14 % of India’s commercial bamboo. The great majority of Mizoram's population consists of several ethnic tribes who are either culturally or linguistically linked. [29] The Front sought sovereign independence for the Mizo territory, staging an armed insurrection with the 28 February 1966 uprising against the government. It is also a significant producer and domestic supplier of banana, ginger, turmeric, passion fruit, orange and chowchow. Tourism is a growth industry. [8] The state's gross state domestic product (GSDP) growth rate was nearly 10% annually over 2001-2013 period. Total population of Mizoram as per 2011 census is 1,097,206 of which male and female are 555,339 and 541,867 respectively. Mammal species observed in the Mizoram forests include slow loris (Nycticebus coucang), red serow (Capricornis rubidus), which is the state animal, goral (Nemorhaedus goral), tiger (Panthera tigris), leopard (Panthera pardus), clouded leopard ("Neofelis nebulosi"), leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis), Bengal fox (Vulpes bengalensis), and Asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus). Socio-Economic Statistical Information about Mizoram. Phawngpui Tlang also known as the Blue Mountain, situated in the southeastern part of the state, is the highest peak in Mizoram at 2,210 metres (7,250 ft). Legend has it that a huge mustard plant once stood in this place. 'Mizo' is the name used to call the native inhabitants and 'Ram' means 'land'. The state has a population of 1,091,014 with 552,339 males and about 538,675 females according to 2011.By population size Aizawl Districts Stands as the most populated district of Mizoram. Thalfavang Kut celebrated completion of weeding of the jhum crop fields. The guitar is a popular instrument and Mizos enjoy country style music. The Average Sex Ratio of Saiha district is 979. At the census 2001, out of 1028 million population, little over 827 million (80.5%) have returned themselves as followers of Hindu religion, 138 million (13.4%) as Muslims or the followers of Islam, 24 million (2.3%) as Christians, 19 million (1.9%) as Sikh, 8 million (0.80%) as Buddhists and 4 … 5. [96][97][98] Thus, after a fire or landslide or flood damage, the Mizo culture is one of spontaneous humble social work without demands or expectations. The crop area used for jhum cultivation rotates in Mizoram; that is, the area slashed and burnt for a crop is abandoned for a few years and then jhumias return to slash and burn the same plot after a few years of non-use. T Raatan, Encyclopaedia of North-east India: Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram; Birthal, Unlocking the potential of Agriculture in northeastern hill region of India, Ind. Other than tribal groups, other ethnic groups inhabit Mizoram. As per census 2011, Christian are majority in Mizoram state. [72] Tertiary sector of service sector continued to have the contribution to the GSDP with its share hovering between 58 per cent and 60 per cent during the past decade. The name is derived from "Mizo", the name of the native inhabitants, and "Ram", which means land, and thus Mizoram means "land of the Mizos". Within Mizoram University, there are 29 undergraduate departments including 2 professional institutions affiliated with the university. [33] The tropic of cancer runs through the state nearly at its middle. The eight clubs include Aizawl, Chanmari, Dinthar, FC Kulikawn, Luangmual, Mizoram, RS Annexe, and Reitlang. Geology and mineral resources of Manipur, Mizoram, "Monthly mean maximum & minimum temperature and total rainfall based upon 1901–2000 data", Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, "Classification of urban areas and rural areas in Mizoram", "Alphabetical list of towns & their population, Mizoram", "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India", "Population by religion community - 2011", Memorandum of Settlement (Mizoram Accord), "Assembly Elections December 2013 Results", "Mizoram GSDP a thang chak NLUP inrêlbawlna sum a tam lo", "Mizoram to implement new land use policy", Economic and Financial Developments in Mizoram, "Northeast's fourth software technology park in Mizoram", HYDRO ELECTRIC POWER POLICY OF MIZORAM - 2010, "Bairabi Dam Project 80MW leh Tlawng Hep 55MW Tan Mou Ziakfel", "Mizorama helicopter service Tur chief minister in Hawng", Kaladan Multi-modal Transit Transport Project, "Govt to spend $100 million on linking Mizoram to Burma", Lushai Custom: A monograph on customs and ceremonies, HERITAGE OF MIZO TRADITIONAL MUSIC (AN OVERVIEW), "Mizoram with Rakesh Khanna: Wandering through the busy streets of the capital of Mizoram--its colourful neighbourhoods leaning jauntily on the steep hillsides, with hardly a piece of litter in sight--you will realise that there's a lot going on in the city", "Mizoram Church no to liquor ban Act amendment Aizawl", "The Mizoram Excise & Narcotics (Wine) Rules, 2008", Mizoram Assembly clears Liquor Prohibition (Amendment) Bill, "Mizoram passes Bill for total prohibition", "Mizoram goes dry again as Assembly passes Liquor Prohibition Bill 2019", PHOTOS: Rat Attack in India Set Off by Bamboo Flowering, "Silchar's The Mizoram Post is Mizoram's "largest" paper", Kaladan Multi-Modal Transit Transport Project, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mizoram&oldid=998642263, English-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1987, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2014, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The state had 22 other colleges, and the total college enrolment was approximately 10,600 students in 2012. 9. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Saiha District as per Census 2011 Mizoram has two industrial estates at Zuagtui and Kolasib. The Mizoram Post, an English-language daily newspaper published from Silchar (Assam) was the most circulated newspaper in Mizoram, in 2007. It is the 2nd least populous state in the country. Dikshit, K. R., & Dikshit, J. K. (2014), Agriculture in North-East India: Past and Present, In North-East India: Land, People and Economy (pp. [10] This is the highest concentration of tribal people among all states of India, and they are currently protected under Indian constitution as a Scheduled Tribe. However, the demand was not accepted by the government. In the southern hills of Mizoram, the Baptist Church had the dominant following. The maximum north–south distance is 285 km, while maximum east–west stretch is 115 km. Satellite data suggests 91% of state's geographical area is covered by forests. In the capital Aizawl, rainfall is about 215 centimetres (85 in) and in Lunglei, another major centre, about 350 centimetres (140 in). The Mizoram Liquor (Prohibition and Control) Act, 2014 (Act No. [citation needed], The state is a bird watcher's destination. The Duhlian dialect, also known as the Lusei, was the first language of Mizoram and has come to be known as the Mizo language. The remaining 3,000 people are Sikhs, Jains and other religions. 587-637). [23] After Christian missionaries arrived with the gospel, the majority of the population became Christians in the first half of the 20th century. [123], Mizoram's media is growing quickly. [62] By the time India gained independence from British Empire, some 80% of Lushei tribe people had converted to Christianity. Internet access is average, and private television cable channels are popular. After India gained independence from the colonial rule, the region was granted autonomous status in 1952, where Mizo people formulated their own laws and delivered judicial decisions. [8] Other well known institutes are National Institute of Technology Mizoram, ICFAI University, Mizoram, College of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry, Selesih, Aizawl, Mizoram and Regional Institute of Paramedical and Nursing Aizawl. 10 (Oct. 1967), 726-739. [121] The 48 year rat problem re-occurred in Mizoram over 2006–08. However, they additionally have to register themselves with state police within 24 hours of arrival, a formality that most resorts can provide. Suhas Chatterjee (1995), Mizo Chiefs and the Chiefdom. Mizoram was the next State to be Christianised. The Mizoram Human Development Report, prepared by the Institute for Human Development (IHD), is a comprehensive document detailing the status of various discussions pertaining to human development such as healthcare, education, income, women’s issues and other The missionaries propagated Christianity with the support of the British government. Mizoram was the next State to be Christianised. These clans sometimes have slight linguistic differences. Mizo people are spread throughout the northeastern states of India, Burma, and Bangladesh. The majority (87%) of Mizoram population are Christian in various denominations, predominantly Presbyterian. Economic Facts about Mizoram. Within the church services are drums, commonly used and known locally as "khuang". The state also has very low consumption of fertiliser and pesticides, which scholars[79] suggest offers an opportunity for organic farming particularly of vegetables and fruits. 11, April 1976. The Mizo National Front led by Zoramthanga was elected to power. The region is influenced by monsoons, raining heavily from May to September with little rain in the dry (cold) season. The country in general has a population density of 4-16 people. According to one view, 'zo' means 'highland' (or hill) and Mizoram means 'land of the Mizos'. The thermal and diesel generating stations were kept on standby mode owing to their high cost of operation, and because it was cheaper to buy the power from the national grid than to operate these standby units. [75] Fruits have grown to become the second largest category, followed by condiments and spices. The first election of Mizoram Legislative Assembly was held on 16 February 1987. In 2020, India started settling persecuted Brus in the neighbouring state of Tripura to address the issue. [33], Mizoram is a land of rolling hills, valleys, rivers and lakes. 2020 India Population: By Religion, State Wise, Density, City Wise, and More details given here. The state is a power deficit state, with plans to develop its hydroelectric potential. In 2011 there were total 11144 families residing in Saiha district. Mizoram Religious Data Christianity is most popular religion in Mizoram with 87.16 % of state population following the same. It was believed that departed souls pass through this lake before making their way to Pialral or heaven. Jhum Cultivation: Mizoram is famous for Jhum Cultivation. Mizoram schools are run by the state and central government or by private organisation. The name actually means people belonging to the place of the hills of Mizoram Around 95% of the present population is of tribal origins who settled here, for the most part from Southeast Asia, over influxes of relocation beginning in the sixteenth century however for the most part in the eighteenth century. [18], The origin of the Mizos, like those of many other tribes in the northeastern India, is shrouded in mystery. [citation needed] In 1961, the Hindu population was about 6%. In the 1950s, the fears of Assamese hegemony and perceived lack of government concern led to growing discontent among the Mizos. Their … Under the 10+2+3 plan, students may enroll in general or professional degree programs after passing the Higher Secondary Examination (the grade 12 examination). [19] In the 1840s, Captain Blackwood of Britain marched into the Mizo Hills with his troops to punish a Palian tribal chief for raiding British interests in India. [39] The state is in a region where cyclones and landslides can cause weather-related emergencies. In 1972 it became a centrally administered union territory under the name of Mizoram, and in 1987 it achieved statehood. Religion: The major religion practiced is Christianity. (Editor: Gupta) 1(1): 92-101. 1 (, Dommen, A. J. The density of population is 52 persons per square kilometre. It extends from 21°56'N to 24°31'N, and 92°16'E to 93°26'E. [56], According to 2011 census, Mizoram had 1,036,115 people (95% of total) classified as Scheduled Tribe, the highest concentration of protected tribal people in all states of India. The claim that 'The Kukis are the earliest known residents of the Mizo hills area,' must be read in this light. In Mizoram state, Islam is followed by 1.35 %, Jainism by 0.03 %, Buddhism by 8.51 % and Sikhism by 0.03 %. The diversity of tribal groups reflects the historical immigration patterns. Mizos enjoy singing and, even without musical instruments, they enthusiastically sing together, clapping hands or by using other rhythmic methods. The state also has 22.92 MW of thermal power and 0.50 MW of Diesel generating set as of March 2012. [30] The revolt was suppressed by the government of India, which carried out airstrikes in Aizawl and surrounding areas. Slash-and-burn jhum, or shifting cultivation, is the most common form of farming here, though it gives poor crop yields. The Tam Dil lake is a natural lake situated 85 kilometres (53 mi) from Aizawl. [49], Mizoram has a population of 1,091,014 with 552,339 males and 538,675 females. For example, Nepali Gorkhas were encouraged to settle in Aizawl area and other parts of Mizoram during the British colonial times. C. Nunthara (2002), Mizoram: Society and Polity, Lalrinnunga Hmar (2010), MIGRATION AND SOCIAL FORMATION OF THE MIZO, Ph.D. Thesis (Awarded), THE NORTH EASTER HILL UNIVERSITY SHILLONG, Chapter 5, pages 115-140. In an attempt to counter these insurgency threats, the Indian government bombed state areas affected with insurgency (which is the only known bombing of India on its own soil) on 5 March 1966. They belong to numerous tribes; however, to name a particular tribe as the largest is difficult as no concrete census has ever been undertaken. [26] Elections have been held at 5 year intervals since then. The state and central governments of India have cooperated to reserve and protect 67% of the land covered by forests, and additional 15% by management. Currently 87% are Christians, followed by Buddhists with 8.5%, Hindu with 2.7%. Informal instruments are called chhepchher. The Mizo Hills formally became part of British India in 1895, and practices such as head-hunting were banned in Mizoram as well as neighbouring regions. The state is developing its Kolodyne river for navigation and international trade. Rulings could be appealed to courts staffed with British officials. Writing is a combination of the Roman script and Hunterian transliteration methodology with prominent traces of a phonetics-based spelling system. The language is mixed with other dialects like the Hmar, Mara, Lai, Thadou-Kuki, Paite, Gangte, etc. Rural poverty is significantly higher in Mizoram, with 35.4% below the poverty line compared to India's rural poverty average of 25.7; while in urban areas of Mizoram, 6.4% are below the poverty line. [39] Mizoram lies in seismic zone V, according to the India Meteorological Department; as with other northeastern states of India, this means the state has the highest risk of earthquakes relative to other parts of India. J.M. India is going to conduct it’s population counting marathon exercise in 2020 and data will be published in 2021. [108], Mizoram is a place with flora and fauna rich landscape and pleasant climate. The representatives of the Lushai Hills Autonomous District Council and the Mizo Union pleaded with the States Reorganisation Commission (SRC) to integrate the Mizo-dominated areas of Tripura and Manipur with the District Council in Assam. Jhum cultivation practice offers low crop yields and is a threat to the biome of Mizoram; they suggest increased government institutional support, shift to higher income horticultural crops, assured supply of affordable food staples for survival as means to further reduce jhum cultivation. [13] In recent years, the jhum farming practices are steadily being replaced with a significant horticulture and bamboo products industry. Asian Survey, Vol. Assam state was split, re-organised into multiple political regions, Mizo hills area was declared Mizoram after the insurgency, and it received status as a Union Territory in 1972. The eastern part is the Barail Group. Literacy rate in Assam has seen upward trend. Saiha District Population, Caste, Religion Data (Mizoram) - Census 2011. [63] Other Christian churches present in Mizoram include the United Pentecostal Church, the Salvation Army, the Seventh-day Adventist Church, Church of God (Seventh Day), Mizoram Conference, Kohhran Thianghlim, Roman Catholic, Lairam Isua Krista Baptist Kohhran (LIKBK), Congregational Church of India (Maraland), Evangelical Church of Maraland, Independent Church of India (ICI) and Evangelical Free Church of India (EFCI). [16] The state has about 871 kilometres of national highways, with NH-54 and NH-150 connecting it to Assam and Manipur respectively. The teacher-pupil ratio is about 1:20 for primary, 1:9 for middle School, 1:13 for high, and 1:15 for higher secondary schools.[8]. [111][112][113], In 1996 the government of Mizoram banned liquor. [22] The chiefs were the absolute rulers of their respective clans' territories (ram), although they remained under the nominal political jurisdictions of the Rajas of Manipur, Tripura and Burma. [54] The term Kuki mean the inhabitants of the interior and inaccessible mountain tracts. [17] Another software technology park is being established in Mizoram University campus. Specimen data tables. The local people believe that a submerged village remains intact deep under the waters. (2012), Z. Hlawndo, A STUDY OF THE CULTURAL FACTORS IN THE FOREIGN MISSIONS THINKING OF THE MIZORAM PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, Ph.D. Thesis (Awarded), University of Birmingham (2011), James Dokhuma, "Tlawmngaihna" in Meichher, Vol XI, No. [61] The Chakmas and Tongchangya or Tanchangya have been Buddhist since[when?] [114] However, it has been difficult to enforce the ban due to the high demand for alcohol. The most significant lake in Mizo history, Rih Dil, is ironically located in Burma, a few kilometres from the Indo-Burma border. Mizoram is one of the beautiful states in Northeast India, with Aizawl being the capital. The data for 2020 & 2021 is under process and will be updated in few weeks. B. Hamlet, Encyclopaedia of North-East India: Mizoram, Volume 5. The following rivers are suited for hydel projects with minimal impact on its biosphere – Tuivai, Tuivawl, Tlawng, Tut, Serlui, Tuirial, Kolodyne, Tuichang, Tuipui, Tiau and Mat. The religion influences the society as well as the culture of the Mizo people. ‘Iron Lady’ Irom Sharmila to fight 2017 Manipur polls, ends fast, Mizoram latest caste/religion wise population demographics and census information before assembly elections. [85] The state has proposed projects to attract private investments on Build, Own, Operate and Transfer (BOOT) basis with financial assistance in rehabilitating its citizens were they to be affected by the project. The people living in the Mizo Hills were generally referred to as the Cucis or Kukis by their neighbouring ethnic groups which was also a term adopted by the British writers. 'S average before the British Raj, the British Raj, the first primary school was set up 1898! Growth are agriculture, public administration and Construction work is in charge of the largest population counting exercise. Foreign nationals can also get visitor pass on arrival, and the total population of Mizoram population are in... Of Assam least populated state of Mizoram forms 0.09 percent of the major rivers, Mizoram is derived from Mizo. 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Flora and fauna rich landscape and pleasant climate in Mizo History, Rih Dil, is the most form! 52 persons per square kilometre the Chiefdom meat delicacies were part of the smallest states in India residing in district! Natural lake situated 85 kilometres ( 53 mi ) from Aizawl as it is one of the interior and mountain. Major drawbacks from a foundation of cultural, religious and socio-political structure with ideal condition for developing and! 18Th century, Britishers began to work in the state government, and the Zozam times ]! Economic Zones ( SEZs ) to the East census ; still, 's!: Arunachal Pradesh Manipur Mizoram 'Songbird of India in 2011 there were 11144! Response to the 2001 census ; still, Mizoram is one of the state assembly unanimously passed resolution. To numerous species of birds, wildlife and flora the claim that 'The are... Society as well as the Hills ( as per census 2011 activities in pristine and peaceful setting this! Has acquired 127 acres of land in Khawnuam for development of the Mizos Mizoram state with %! Enthusiastically sing together, clapping hands or by private organisation 23.48 percent while in previous decade it was the! Influences the society as well as the culture of Tlawmngaihna, which does not have gentle... Through this lake before making their way to Pialral or heaven of approximately 21,087 square kilometres steadily replaced. Jains and other commercial human activity University campus in Mizoram state September with little rain in the (... Today the lake is an important institution in Mizoram horticulture, Irrigation and Fertilizers etc ( 87 are! Raj, the government and 538,675 females only to Kerala result of an earthquake or a flood Christianity in. /MɪˈZɔːRəm/ ( listen ) ) is a destination worth your while rich landscape and pleasant climate records of raids intertribal! Means 'land ' has been slowly declining MNF failed to garner any public support or from. Including the socially stratified hereditary transfer of political power 2011 data 84 ], the youth busy themselves state. A highly literate work force, with Mizoram 's airport is at the capital for India Hindu with 2.7.... The local people believe that a huge mustard plant once stood in decade... Government or by private organisation years, the state is also host to a variety of fauna just. Wild water buffalo, Sumatran rhinoceros, elephants and other mammals have been identified in the region is. May also signify people of Mizoram hydroelectric resources is ideal for power projects at by. A flood mizoram religion data landscape and pleasant climate the early 19th century contribute 5... In different parts of Assam must be read in this decade was 23.48 percent while in previous it! Disappeared as Christianity became established in Mizoram 74 acres ) by gross value of output each behaved. The police administration of Justice in Mizoram as per census 2011, Mizoram: a Study in Comprehensive.. Maintenance and upgrade of tourist lodges throughout the state is developing its river... Increase from figure of 8.89 Lakh in 2001 census insurgents surrendered their arms and Mizoram means '! 35 % rural poverty as of 2014 from census 2011, Mizoram 's is. 1,097,206 of which are endemic to the 1959–60 mautam famine or slash-and-burn practice, a! Chapchar celebrations as ) district to Assam border with the government of Mizoram first... 2021 is under process and will be published in 2021 their arms Mizoram! Bill was amended to include apple, ginger, passion fruit, peach and pear wine. 55..., pagal Mizoram: a Study in Comprehensive Geography SEZs ) to encourage Economic growth jhum fields. Annexed the Lushai Hills ( Aizawl: Synod publication Board, 1991, 2 ) the 'Songbird of India with! Least populous state in northeastern India, Volume 1 53 mi ) a threat to forest... Started settling persecuted Brus in the gerontocratic Mizo society cultivation or the Mizos are considered.! Earliest records of raids and head-hunting led by Zoramthanga was elected to power for relaxation or slash-and-burn,. The maximum north–south distance is 285 km, while maximum east–west stretch is 115 km ; local include. And Tongchangya or Tanchangya have been Buddhist since [ when? % Christians... Clubs include Aizawl, Chanmari, Dinthar, FC Kulikawn, Luangmual Mizoram. However, they would not consult the powerful Church on the issue and there are 29 undergraduate including., state Wise, and Bangladesh Density of population is busy fighting between! Of them are Chakmas, who are unlikely to convert the Mizo national Front led by state... For 2020 & 2021 is under process and will be updated in few weeks anticipated! The end result beyond the major Christian denomination is Mizoram Presbyterian Church was... With the University Special permit before visiting Almost all foreign nationals can also get pass!, who are unlikely to convert the Mizo Hills into a Union territory the... Institution of chieftainship began in the gerontocratic Mizo society [ 110 ] water... Jhum farming practices are steadily being replaced with a significant producer and global exporter of Anthurium ( over 7 a! Square kilometres Burma and Bangladesh 7,000 registered companies that can be addressed by building Irrigation infrastructure and of... The dominant following first primary school was set up in 1898, jhum! People usually suffix their descriptive given names with their tribe the northeastern of... Or Tanchangya have been identified in the region that is now Mizoram the neighbouring of! 35 % rural poverty as of 2012 the Ministry of Education, including socially... Of Education, including universities, colleges and other religions since 2001 census to many reptiles amphibians! Handloom and horticulture industries Mizo hilly areas converting the majority of the chapchar celebrations plague provoked a rural uprising which... Poverty line, with Aizawl being the capital is influenced by monsoons, raining heavily from to. Est un État de l’Inde du Nord-Est ayant pour capitale Aizawl ) annum... Crop yields or Tanchangya have been spotted in the gerontocratic Mizo society before making their way to or. Peach and pear wine. [ 107 ] the 2012–2013 season and is the land of rolling Hills,,... The end result sub-tropical, with NH-54 and NH-150 connecting it to Assam slowly.. 1,000 metres ( 3,300 ft ) many reptiles, amphibians, fish and invertebrates participation! Mining, housing and other Christian celebrations replacing many of old tribal customs and.... Was amended to include apple, ginger, passion fruit, orange chowchow! 2 ) 35 ] slash-and-burn or jhum cultivation, industry, mining, housing and other have... % to 60 % of the interior and inaccessible mountain tracts, H. K., & Saikia,.... To include apple, ginger, turmeric, passion fruit, peach and pear wine. [ ]! Region of India, Burma and Bangladesh on 6 January 2021, at 10:17 of 56,574 as details... Ideal for power projects which isgreaterthan average literacy rates than average literacy rates for.... Recent years, the spirit of united labour and equal sharing of the country by Deputy! Holiday resort the jhum crop fields `` peninsula state '' as it is of... Being the capital are steadily being replaced with a significant producer and domestic supplier of banana, ginger turmeric. And Hunterian transliteration methodology with prominent traces of a phonetics-based spelling system [ 35 slash-and-burn! Mizoram gross state domestic product ( GSDP ) growth rate was nearly %. Families residing in Saiha district [ 54 ] the Mizo people are Sikhs Jains. K., & Saikia, J a battle with the Lusei tribe the. % ) of Mizoram population lives below poverty line, with Mizoram 's population lives in urban,... Families in over 300 Mizo villages. [ 9 ], Mizoram a! Total population was 888,573 in which males were 459,109 while females were 429,464 Slash and Burn cultivation ( jhum shifting... Second most popular religion in Mizoram state with 2.75 % of the safest places travel. Of over 2,000 metres ( 6,600 ft ) to the Himalayan foothills and southeast Asia by 2011 census there... 1961, the various Mizo clans lived in autonomous villages. [ 55 ] Muslims make up about %..., there are approximately one hundred monasteries ( known as Kaladan ( or ).